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Ammonium ion (NH₄⁺)

Ammonium ion (NH₄⁺)

A compound ion generated when a proton is added to an ammonia molecule.

Chemistry

Keywords

chemistry, ammonium ion, compound, cation, dative bond, ion

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Ammonia (NH₃)

Ammonia is a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. Its solution in water is called ammonium hydroxide or household ammonia.

Nitrogen cycle

Atmospherical nitrogen is bound by bacteria and used by living organisms in the form of various compounds.

Producing ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas

Large-scale ammonia production requires high temperature and pressure and the presence of iron as a catalyst.

Amino acids

Amino acids are the monomers of proteins.

Nitrate ion (NO₃⁻)

A compound ion, the main source of nitrogen for plants.

Nitrogen (N₂) (intermediate)

A colourless, odourless, non-reactive gas, it constitutes 78.1% of Earth´s atmosphere.

Nitrogen monoxide (Nitric oxide) (NO)

A colourless, heavier-than-air gas, an intermediate in the production of nitric acid.

Nitrogen-dioxide (NO₂)

A reddish-brown toxic gas, very reactive due to its unpaired electron.

Reaction of ammonia with hydrogen chloride

Ammonium chloride is the result of the reaction of ammonia and hydrogen chloride

Permanganate ion (MnO₄⁻)

Potassium permanganate is used as a disinfectant.

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