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Fluorine (F₂)

Fluorine (F₂)

The lightest halogen, a pale yellow-green, toxic gas, extremely reactive. Its best known compound is teflon.

Chemistry

Keywords

fluorine, homonuclear molecule, halogen, oxidant, nonpolar, toxic, teflon, fluorides, inorganic chemistry, chemistry

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Comparison of halogens

Halogen elements are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine.

1,1,2,2-tetrafluorethylene (C₂F₄)

Colourless, odourless gas, the monomer of teflon.

Boron trifluoride (BF₃)

Colourless, heavier-than-air gas with a pungent odour. It forms white fumes in moist air.

Bromine (Br₂)

One of the halogens, it may cause skin irritation.

Bromofluorochloromethane (CHClBrF)

The molecule has two enantiomers: stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other and are not superimposable.

Chlorine (Cl₂)

A yellow-green toxic gas with a strong odour, one of the halogens.

Comparison of hydrogen halides

Atoms within hydrogen halides are bound by covalent bonds, forming polar molecules.

How does it work? - PET-CT

By positron emission tomography (PET), we can obtain visual information on our internal organs without making any surgical incisions.

Hydrogen-fluoride (HF)

One of the hydrogen halides, a highly aggressive substance - it even attacks glass.

Iodine crystal

A solid, grey substance which sublimates when heated. Its solution in alcohol is called ´tincture of iodine´, it is a disinfectant.

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