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Hydrogen chloride (HCl)

Hydrogen chloride (HCl)

A colourless gas with a pungent odour, its solution in water is called hydrochloric acid.

Chemistry

Keywords

hydrogen chloride, hydrogen halide, hydrochloric acid, molecule, polar, covalent bond, sigma bond, gastric acid, stomach acid, scale removal, inorganic chemistry, general chemistry, chemistry

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Dissolution of hydrogen chloride (HCl) in water

The solution of hydrogen chloride in water is called hydrochloric acid.

Reaction of ammonia with hydrogen chloride

Ammonium chloride is the result of the reaction of ammonia and hydrogen chloride

Reaction of zinc with hydrochloric acid

The dissolution of zinc in hydrochloric acid produces hydrogen gas.

Chlorination of methane by a substitution reaction

During the substitution reaction the hydrogen atoms of methane are substituted with chlorine atoms, the by-product is hydrogen chloride.

Chlorine (Cl₂)

A yellow-green toxic gas with a strong odour, one of the halogens.

Comparison of hydrogen halides

Atoms within hydrogen halides are bound by covalent bonds, forming polar molecules.

Hydrogen (H₂)

Colourless, odourless, lighter-than-air gas. The most common chemical element in the universe.

Hydrogen bromide (HBr)

One of the hydrogen halides, it is used for the production of alkyl bromides.

Hydrogen-fluoride (HF)

One of the hydrogen halides, a highly aggressive substance - it even attacks glass.

Hydrogen-iodide (HI)

A colourless, heavier-than-air gas with a pungent odour.

Water supply system

The water supply system provides clean and safe drinking water for the consumers.

Beryllium dichloride (BeCl₂)

Used in the production of beryllium and as a catalyst.

Hypochlorite ion (OCl⁻)

Hypochlorite ions are formed when water is disinfected with chlorine.

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