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Hydrogen-fluoride (HF)

Hydrogen-fluoride (HF)

One of the hydrogen halides, a highly aggressive substance - it even attacks glass.

Chemistry

Keywords

hydrogen fluoride, hydrogen halide, molecule, covalent bond, polar, sigma bond, fluorspar, toxic, glass etching, hydrofluoric acid, inorganic chemistry, general chemistry, chemistry

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1,1,2,2-tetrafluorethylene (C₂F₄)

Colourless, odourless gas, the monomer of teflon.

Boron trifluoride (BF₃)

Colourless, heavier-than-air gas with a pungent odour. It forms white fumes in moist air.

Comparison of hydrogen halides

Atoms within hydrogen halides are bound by covalent bonds, forming polar molecules.

Fluorine (F₂)

The lightest halogen, a pale yellow-green, toxic gas, extremely reactive. Its best known compound is teflon.

Hydrogen (H₂)

Colourless, odourless, lighter-than-air gas. The most common chemical element in the universe.

Hydrogen bromide (HBr)

One of the hydrogen halides, it is used for the production of alkyl bromides.

Hydrogen chloride (HCl)

A colourless gas with a pungent odour, its solution in water is called hydrochloric acid.

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A colourless, heavier-than-air gas with a pungent odour.

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